To have a beautiful smile, you need to take care of oral health. Some gum problems can affect your quality of life, the aesthetics of your teeth, sleep, communication, speech, the chewing process and self-esteem. Thus, it is necessary to pay attention, care and visit the dental professional on a regular basis
In this sense, it is important to emphasize that gingival infections can affect people of any age and are usually associated with poor hygiene. Most of the problem starts directly in the affected area, but other places can be affected. Therefore, systemic attention is needed, that is, of the whole organism.
What are the most common gum diseases?
Periodontal diseases consist of an infection of the tissues that support and protect the teeth, that is, the gums. She is able to coat the bone and keep tooth structures in place. Diseases can arise due to lack of care, especially those related to hygiene.
Gingivitis is one of the most recurrent problems and is the initial stage of periodontal infection. Patients present bleeding in the region when chewing food or during the brushing process, and the gingival region becomes reddish.
Gingivitis can appear due to several factors, such as stress, excessive use of cigarettes and alcohol, infections, medications and hormonal problems. Some patients do not feel any discomfort during this phase, so they end up neglecting the problem.
By not properly treating gingivitis, it can progress to periodontitis. This disease is more serious and has several consequences for the individual’s life. Therefore, know that periodontitis is a bacterial infection of the bones, ligaments and tissues related to supporting the teeth.
3. Bacterial endocarditis
Bacterial endocarditis is an infectious disease that affects an important inner lining of the heart, the endocardium. The problem must be treated accurately and by a specialized professional, so that there are no major setbacks.
Even if the disease affects the heart, it is part of gum disease, as it happens when gingivitis and periodontitis are not treated correctly. Thus, the bacteria reach the heart.
4. Advanced Periodontitis
Advanced periodontitis is one of the most serious gum diseases. In it, the fibrous tissues and bones that support the teeth are destroyed. Thus, the tooth becomes soft and it may be necessary to extract it, due to the loss of supporting tissues. However, this action only occurs if the treatment does not achieve good results.
What signs deserve attention?
It is essential to be aware of some signs that may appear. When realizing them, it is necessary to go to a dental clinic to make an evaluation of your oral health. See what they are below!
Persistent bad breath
Attention is needed when having bad breath frequently. This could indicate systemic or oral problems. However, halitosis can indicate a gum problem, as the various bacteria that cause gum problems are capable of releasing an unpleasant odor.
Softening of teeth
One of the most important signs of gum problems is the presence of loose teeth. This situation is caused by the removal of the gum from the teeth, due to the growth of the bacterial plate in the region. When presenting this symptom, it is essential to go to a dental clinic so that the tooth is not lost.
Regular visit to the dentist is paramount to prevent the emergence of bacterial plaques in the teeth region. They can affect the gum, and more serious problems can appear. That way, when realizing that your mouth already has several plaques, you need to go to the dental office to clean and remove them.
Wounds usually appear on mucous membranes. They can be caused by the action of bacteria. The appearance of ulcerations can be caused by gastrointestinal problems. A professional will be able to understand the problem and thus indicate the most appropriate treatment.
What precautions can you take to prevent gum problems?
With some practices during everyday life, it is possible to avoid gum problems. Some care is essential to keep your mouth healthy and teeth beautiful. Check out what they are below!
Use dental floss correctly
Regular flossing is essential. It prevents the emergence of a range of oral diseases, such as cavities and gum infections. Flossing your teeth properly can remove all the dirt between your teeth, in places that the brush can’t clean properly.
Brush your teeth after meals
An efficient way to avoid major oral problems is through good brushing after meals. It is recommended that it be done for around two minutes and that a brush with soft bristles be used so as not to hurt.
Do routine cleaning
Even if you try to brush your teeth properly at home, be sure to go to the dentist for a good cleaning. The professional will use the appropriate products and remove all bacterial plaques present in the mouth. In addition, it will analyze the situation of your teeth and gums.